Thinking Of Buying A Cockapoo Puppy?
Below are some basic facts to get you started on the very important decision about whether the Cockapoo breed is going to be compatible with your lifestyle and fulfil your expectations.
The main and the plain
1. In Australia the Cockapoo is known as a Spoodle or Cockerdoodle and in Sweden the name is spelled Cockerpoo
2. The Cockapoo is believed to have originated in 1950’s America when a American Cocker Spaniel was bred with a Poodle
3. The Cockapoo is referred to as a cross breed or hybrid dog
4. The Cockapoo is very popular in the UK and USA which has made it a popular choice for amateur breeders who “puppy farm” the breed to make a quick profit
5. The Kennel Clubs do not recognize the Cockapoo as a breed in its own right
6. It’s difficult to estimate how many Cockapoos exist but Google data shows that in the UK 146,480 people search for “Cockapoo” every month compared with 112,360 searches from the USA and 4,570 searches in Australia. I think we can deduce that the UK has the highest demand for Cockapoos in the world!
6.1 38% of people begin their search for a puppy over the internet so be careful, be smart, and read this article first.
6.2 Cockapoo’s from a reputable breeder aren’t cheap, but don’t pay too much or too little.
7. Due to the differences in Poodle size and colour, no “standard” Cockapoo has been achieved. However, they can be categorized as:
8. A Standard size Cockapoo– approx max weight 20 lbs and approx 15 inches tall
9. A Miniature size Cockapoo – approx max weight 13 – 18 lbs and approx 11 – 13 inches tall
10. A Toy size Cockapoo – approx 12lbs and max height of 12 inches
11. A Teacup size Cockapoo – approx 6 lbs and 10 inches tall
12. A first cross (F1) breed will result in some puppies exhibiting more poodle traits than Cocker Spaniel. This means some coats are more akin to fur than hair.
13. The hair on Cockapoos ranges from straight to curled. The most popular coat colour is black.
14. Cockapoos may also have a merle coat, (where random portions are diluted to create a mottled appearance). These are common in the USA but not in UK
15. A Cockpaoo’s fur is hypoallergenic- meaning they don’t set off an allergic reaction in people.
Grooming & Care (Grooming tips)
16. Cockapoos are a low dander, low shedding dog (a trait inherited from the Poodle)
17. Cockapoos with dominate Poodle genes will need to be clipped, while Cockapoos with dominate Cocker spaniel genes have hair that will not to be cut
18. A Cocker-Style coat should be brushed daily to avoid kinking in the hair
19. A Poodle-Style Coat needs trimming on a regular basis (every 6 – 8 weeks)
20. Bathing should only be done when necessary to keep the coat’s natural oils and lustre.
21. Cockapoo owners should pay particular attention to their large floppy ears that require regular cleaning to prevent infections
22. If cared for properly Cockapoos are relatively odorless.
Breeding [Breeders Pages]
23. An F1 Cockapoo is the first cross with a American or English Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle
24. An F2 Cockapoo is the off-spring of two F1 Cockapoos
25. An F3 Cockapoo is sired when an F2 is bred to another F2
26. An F1b or F2b is where a Cockapoo is bred back to either a Poodle or a Cocker Spaniel giving (depending on which generation the parents were)
28. A Cockerpoo breeder can determine everything about the size, coat and colour of the dog…but not the sex
29. There are 27 registered breeders the UK
30. Cockerpoos are less prone to genetic diseases than pure bred dogs. However, If the sire (male) and dam (female) are not screened before mating, they can pass a genetic disorder to the off-spring
31. The most common genetic disorder for the Cockerpoo is PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) which causes blindness
32. Others common genetic disorders are: Von Willebrand disease (vWD), a bleeding disorder; retinal dysplasia, eyes; phosphofructokinase (PFK) which affects the muscles; familial nephropathy (FN), renal disease, hip dysplasia, hip joints; primary and secondary glaucoma, (primary glaucoma is a inherited eye disorder).
33. Cockapoos only need light exercise but they should go out on a walk at least once a day for 30 minutes
34. Because of their compact size they are suitable for apartment style living
35. They are also known for their agility and love swimming. You will get the most out of your Cockapoo when regularly exercised
36. The temperament of any dog is determined by two things; the genetic material of the parent and early socialisation experiences
37. Poodles are noted for their intelligence while Cocker Spaniels are very quizzical and friendly. These ingrained character traits are passed to the Cockapoo
38. Cockapoos get along with everyone (children and cats included); they are bred to be a companion dog.
39. Separation anxiety is common with Cockapoos when left on their own for long periods; because they are companion dogs they expect company
40. Because the Poodle is famed for its intelligence, Cockapoos are easy to train
41. Like many dogs, positive reinforcement is the best way to train your Cockapoo
41.1 Housingtraining, or potty training, is the first and most important training a dog owner undertakes. I have recently written quite a bit about how to housetrain your Cockapoo if your needing help.
42. The most common health complaints are: cataracts, patellar luxation, ear infections, liver disease, hip dysplasia, and allergies (these health complaints can develop in any Cockapoo regardless of health screening)
43. A healthy Cockapoo will have-
44. Healthy skin (flexible, smooth and pest free)
45. Coat (full and usually fluffy or glossy)
46. Body and weight (well covered with nice round tummy but able to feel ribs)
47. Eyes (bright and clear)
48. Ears (inside –clean and free from discharges)
49. Mouth, gums and teeth (gums firm and pink, teeth free from tartar, white and no evidence of damage)
50. Nose (cool and moist)
51. Normal temperature – 38.3 –39.2C
51.1 Grooming is also important for your Cockapoo’s health
52. A cockapoo will cost about £90-£200 at a re-homing shelter. Try these sites first
- The Dogs Trust
- Battersea Dogs Home
- Wood Green Animal Shelters
- Blue Cross Re-homing Centre
53. The single most important thing you can do to make your Cockapoo happy is lots of regular exercise! Dogs are happiest when they are out and about having fun with their owner. It creates a special bond between you and allows them to have the fun and excitement that they crave!
Conversely, lack of exercise is the worst thing you can do for any dog. They aren’t bred to be at home all day. They are natural pack animals that love company and using their agility to run, swim, chase, chew, sniff and play.
For a greater understanding of the Cockapoo breed, My First Cockapoo is a good place to start. It contains a link to the updated UK registered breeding list.